Snails can die for many reasons.
Snails can die due to salt. If you put salt on snails. The skin of it's body will burn off. It can be used to kill snails to make escargot so you don't have to salt it after it's cooked.
Inside a snail's shell is it's internal organs. If you crack it's shell. Then it's circulatory system leaks out.
Everything dies this way. You might be healthy at age 105 but you can die the next day.